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Citing DOIs

Page history last edited by Mrs. Train 11 years, 4 months ago

Back to Tiferes Citation and Plagiarism Guide

 

 

Online Scholarly Journal Article: Citing Digital Object Identifier  - DOIs


Note: APA now uses a Digital Object Identifier (doi) as a standard part of many citations.

 

In August of 2011 the formatting recommendations for DOIs changed.

DOIs are now rendered as an alpha-numeric string which acts as an active link.

 

According to The APA Style Guide to Electronic References, 6th edition, you should use the DOI format which the article appears with. So, if it is using the older numeric string, use that as the DOI. If, however, it is presented as the newer alpha-numeric string, use that as the DOI. The Purdue OWL maintains examples of citations using both DOI styles.

 

Because online materials can potentially change URLs, APA recommends providing a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), when it is available, as opposed to the URL. DOIs are an attempt to provide stable, long-lasting links for online articles. They are unique to their documents and consist of a long alphanumeric code. Many-but not all-publishers will provide an article's DOI on the first page of the document.

 

Note that some online bibliographies provide an article's DOI but may "hide" the code under a button which may read "Article" or may be an abbreviation of a vendor's name like "CrossRef" or "PubMed." This button will usually lead the user to the full article which will include the DOI. Find DOI's from print publications or ones that go to dead links with CrossRef.org's "DOI Resolver," which is displayed in a central location on their home page.

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